CS399 - New Beginnings
Winter 2016


When: Tue/Thu 0930-1200
Where: FAB 88-03
Instructor: Jonathan Walpole
Instructor Office Hours - by appointment
Teaching Assistant: Simon Niklaus
TA Office Hours - by appointment


Description

This course will introduce the core concepts of operating systems, such as processes and threads, scheduling, synchronization, memory management, file systems, input and output device management and security. The course will consist of assigned reading, weekly lectures, a midterm and final exam, and a sequence of programming assignments. The goal of the readings and lectures is to introduce the core concepts. The goal of the programming assignments is to give students some exposure to operating system code. Students are expected to participate in in-class discussions.


Prerequisites
Students should have previous familiarity with programming in a high-level object-oriented language (such as C++ or Java); assembly language programming; CPU organization, instruction sets, registers; program development in the Unix environment (edit, compile, link, load, execute, makefile, using the shell); the Unix system call interface; basic data structures (lists, trees, graphs); object-oriented concepts (class, object, method). CS 200 (Computer Systems Programming), or equivalent course, is a prerequisite for this class.

Text Book
The course will be based primarily on lecture slides. In addition, the following reference material will be used for the project assignments:

        "The BLITZ System", by Harry Porter, approx. 200 pages.

This packet documents the BLITZ software used in the course projects. It is available freely online here.

There is also a text book associated with the course. The primary purpose of the text book is to provide students with an alternative perspective on the materials covered, should it be needed. The text book, which is also available freely online is:

        Operating Systems: Three Easy Pieces, Remzi H. Arpaci-Dusseau and Andrea C. Arpaci-Dusseau, Arpaci-Dusseau Books, May, 2014 (Version 0.80).

Available at: http://pages.cs.wisc.edu/~remzi/OSTEP/

Note: you can use the free online version, or pay $10 for a complete .pdf with glossary, links, etc. Also you may choose the hardcopy options for $25 softcover or $37 hardcover. Any of these options include all of the material needed for the course, just choose the most convenient for your needs.


Grading

Your final grade will be calculated as follows:

        project - 50%;
        midterm exam - 25%;
        final exam - 25%;


Project

The programming assignments for this class are based on the BLITZ system. BLITZ is a collection of software, written by Harry Porter, designed to streamline the process of learning about, and experimenting with, operating system kernel code. BLITZ includes a complete operating system, assembler, linker, loader and debugger, together with software to emulate an underlying CPU and various devices. The emulated CPU and devices are representative of real-world systems, but without some of the low-level complexity that complicates the process of learning about the key underlying concepts. By using BLITZ, students are able to study, in detail, the low-level operating system code that interacts with the hardware, as well as design, code and test their own modifications to the operating system.

The following page, created by Kendall Stewart for the Spring 2014 CS333 class, contains instructions for getting started with Blitz and various other Blitz-related tools that will help you.

        CS333 Student Resources for Blitz

The due dates for each of these projects are given in the class schedule below.

        Project 1: [ Handout.pdf ] [ Directory Containing Files ]
        Project 2: [ Handout.pdf ] [ Directory Containing Files ]
        Project 3: [ Handout.pdf ] [ Directory Containing Files ]
        Project 4: [ Handout.pdf ] [ Directory Containing Files ]
        Project 5: [ Handout.pdf ] [ Directory Containing Files ]


Schedule
01-05-16 Course Overview and Introduction to Operating Systems
Course outline. Overview of course project and expectations. Introduction to hardware support for operating systems: privileged mode execution, saving and restoring CPU state, traps and interrupts, timers, memory protection. Operating system techniques for protecting user and hardware resources. Overview of the key operating system abstractions and the use of system calls to manipulate them.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
Start Project 1 - Introduction to BLITZ (due 01-12-16)
01-07-16 The Process Concept
Complete the overview of the key operating system abstractions and the use of system calls to manipulate them. Program execution, the process concept, process-related state, the process table, saving and restoring process state, the role of the scheduler.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
01-12-16 Threads and Concurrency
Threads, process context switch vs thread switch, true concurrency vs pseudo concurrency, operating systems as concurrent programs, concurrency through multi-threading, concurrency through interrupt handling, concurrent access to shared memory, race conditions, mutual exclusion, synchronization primitives based on atomic instructions.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
Project 1 due at start of class.
Start Project 2: Threads & Synchronization (due 01-28-16)
01-14-16 Synchronization Primitives
Atomic instructions, locks, spinlocks, mutex semaphores, counting semaphores, and their use in solutions to Producer Consumer synchronization.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
01-19-16 Classic Synchronization Problems
Classic synchronization problems: Producer Consumer, Dining Philosophers, Readers and Writers, Sleeping Barber.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
01-21-16 Monitors and Message Passing
Monitors, condition variables, message passing, and their use in solutions to classic synchronization problems: Producer Consumer, Dining Philosophers, Readers and Writers, Sleeping Barber.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
01-26-16 Deadlock
Deadlock, livelock, deadlock detection, avoidance, and prevention.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
01-28-16 Scheduling
Separation of policy from mechanism, scheduling mechanisms, preemptive vs non-preemptive scheduling, example scheduling policies, FIFO, round-robin, shortest job first, priority scheduling, Unix-style feedback scheduling, proportional share scheduling, lottery scheduling.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
Project 2 due at start of class.
Start Project 3: Synchronization Problems (due 02-11-16)
02-02-16 Memory Management
Memory addresses and binding, static and dynamic addresses translation, address translation using base and limit registers, memory management algorithms using linked lists and bitmaps, external and internal fragmentation, paged virtual memory.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
02-04-16 Midterm Exam
In class, closed-book exam based on material covered so far.

02-09-16 Virtual Memory 1
Physical address spaces, virtual address spaces, page table design, single-level and multi-level page tables, hardware support for dynamic address translation using a TLB, hardware and software managed TLB refill.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
02-11-16 Virtual Memory 2
Inverted page tables, the memory hierarchy, TLB miss faults, segmentation faults, protection faults, page faults, hardware support for memory protection, segmentation.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
Project 3 due at start of class.
Start Project 4: Kernel Resource Managers (due 02-25-16)
02-16-16 Virtual Memory 3
Implementation issues, page sharing, copy-on-write, page fault handling, segmentation, segmentation with paging.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
02-18-16 Paging Algorithms
Demand paging, swapping, placement and replacement algorithms, memory hierarchy revisited, overview of cache architecture, performance modeling for memory management systems.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
02-23-16 Input/Output
Devices, memory mapped devices, DMA, device drivers, interrupt handling, scheduled vs non-scheduled I/O processing, block vs character devices.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
02-25-16 Secondary Storage Management
Disks, sectors, tracks, blocks, disk head scheduling algorithms, the file abstraction, directories, links.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
Project 4 due at start of class.
Start Project 5: User Level Processes (due 03-08-16)
03-02-16 File Systems 1
File system architecture, file system data structures and system calls.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
03-04-16 File Systems 2
File system architecture and design criteria.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]
03-08-16 Security
Protection domains and mechanisms, access control lists, capabilities, user authentication, encryption, common internal and external attacks.

Slides: [ .ppt .pdf ]

Project 5 due at start of class.
03-10-16
Final Exam



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