Go to the previous, next chapter.
We also offer Unix software source distributions tapes in
on the following media:
The contents of the reel and various cartridge tapes for Unix systems are the same (except for the RS/6000 Emacs tape, which also has executables for Emacs); only the media are different (see the "Free Software Foundation Order Form"). Source code for the manuals is included in Texinfo format. We welcome all bug reports sent to the appropriate electronic mailing list (see "Free Software Support").
Some of the files on the tapes may be compressed with
make them fit. Refer to the top-level `README' file at the
beginning of each tape for instructions on uncompressing them.
unpack do not work!
Version numbers listed after program names, in the articles describing the contents of each media, were current at the time this Bulletin was published. When you order a distribution tape or diskette, some of the programs might be newer, and therefore the version number higher.
Key to cross reference:
GNU software currently available (see "Project GNU Status Report" for what's new features and programs are coming):
acm is a LAN-oriented, multiplayer aerial combat simulation that
runs under the X Window System. Players engage in air to air combat
against one another using heat seeking missiles and cannons. Eventually we
hope to turn this into a more general purpose flight simulator.
Autoconf produces shell scripts which automatically configure source code
packages. These scripts adapt the packages to many kinds of Unix-like
systems without manual user intervention. Autoconf creates a script for a
package from a template file which lists the operating system features
which the package can use, in the form of
m4 macro calls. Most GNU
programs now use Autoconf--generated configure scripts.
The GNU shell, BASH (Bourne Again SHell), is compatible with
sh and offers many extensions found in
ksh. BASH has job control,
csh-style command history, and
command-line editing (with Emacs and
vi modes built-in and the
ability to rebind keys) via the readline library.
bc is an interactive algebraic language with arbitrary precision.
bc follows the POSIX 1003.2
standard, with several extensions including multi-character variable names,
else statement and full Boolean expressions.
The Binary File Descriptor library allows a program which operates on
object files (e.g.
ld or GDB) to support many different formats
in a clean way. BFD provides a portable interface, so that only BFD needs
to know the actual details of a particular format. One consequence of this
design is that all programs using BFD will support formats such as a.out,
COFF, ELF & OSF-Rose. BFD comes with Texinfo documentation.
Presently BFD is not distributed separately but is included with packages that use it, because it is not yet completely stable.
The Binutils includes the programs:
Binutils Version 2 is completely rewritten to use the BFD library.
The GNU linker
ld emits source-line numbered error messages for
multiply-defined symbols and undefined references.
nlmconv converts object files into Novell NetWare Loadable Modules.
objdump program can disassemble code for a29k, ALPHA, H8/300,
H8/500, HP-PA, i386, i960, m68k, m88k, MIPS, SH, SPARC, & Z8000
processors, and can display other data such as symbols and relocations from
any file format understood by BFD. Also see "Project GNU Status Report".
Bison is an upwardly compatible replacement for the parser generator
yacc. Sources for the Bison Manual and reference card are
The library supports ANSI C-1989 and POSIX 1003.1-1990 and has most of the functions specified in POSIX 1003.2 draft 11.2. It is upward compatible with 4.4 BSD and includes many System V functions, plus GNU extensions.
Version 1.07 uses a standard GNU
configure script. It runs on Sun-3
(SunOS 4.1), Sun-4 (SunOS 4.1 & Solaris 2), HP 9000/300 (4.3 BSD), SONY
News 800 (NewsOS 3 or 4), MIPS DECstation (Ultrix 4), DEC Alpha (OSF/1),
i386/i486 (System V, SVR4, BSD, SCO 3.2 & SCO ODT 2.0) & Sequent Symmetry
i386 (Dynix 3). Texinfo source for the GNU C Library Reference Manual is
included. Also see "Project GNU Status Report".
Calc (written by Dave Gillespie in Emacs Lisp) is an extensible,
advanced desk calculator and mathematical tool that runs as part of GNU
Emacs. It comes with source for the Calc Manual and reference
card, which serves as a tutorial and reference. If you wish, you can
use Calc just as a simple four-function calculator, but it provides
additional features including choice of algebraic or RPN (stack-based)
entry, logarithmic functions, trigonometric and financial functions,
arbitrary precision, complex numbers, vectors, matrices, dates, times,
infinities, sets, algebraic simplification, differentiation, and
integration. Calc also outputs to
GNU Chess is a program that plays chess with you. It is written entirely in the C language and has been ported to the PC, the Cray-2 & numerous other machines. It has also been ported to other operating systems, including Microsoft Windows and MS-DOS, though these versions are not supported by the maintainer. There are both text and X display interfaces.
GNU Chess implements many specialized features including the null move heuristic, a hash table with aging, the history heuristic (another form of the earlier killer heuristic), caching of static evaluations, and a sophisticated database which lets it play the first several moves in the game quickly.
GNU Chess won the Uniform Platform event held in August 1992 in London, England. Nine programs competed, running on identical hardware.
GNU Chess is primarily supported by Stuart Cracraft on behalf of FSF.
email@example.comP.O. Box 2841 Laguna Hills, CA 92653 USA Phone: (714) 770-8532
CLISP is a Common Lisp implementation by Bruno Haible and Michael Stoll. It mostly supports the Common Lisp described by Common LISP: The Language (1st edition). CLISP includes an interpreter, a byte-compiler and, for some machines, a screen editor. CLISP needs only 1.5 MB of memory and runs on many microcomputers (including the Atari ST, Amiga 500-2000, most MS-DOS systems & OS/2) & on some Unix workstations (Linux, SunOS (SPARC), Sun-386i, HP-UX (HP 9000/800) & others).
cpio(UtilD, UtilT, SrcCD)
cpio is an alternative archive program with all the features of SVR4
cpio, including support for the final POSIX 1003.1 ustar
mt a program to position magnetic tapes is included with
CVS, the Concurrent Version System, manages software revision and release control in a multi-developer, multi-directory, multi-group environment. It works best in conjunction with RCS versions 4 and above, but will parse older RCS formats with the loss of CVS's fancier features. See Berliner, Brian, "CVS-II: Parallelizing Software Development," Proceedings of the Winter 1990 USENIX Association Conference.
dc is an RPN calculator. GNU
bc does not require a separate
dc program to run. This version of
dc will eventually be
merged with GNU
DejaGnu is a framework for testing other programs that provides a single
front end for all tests. The flexibility and consistency of the DejaGnu
framework make it easy to write tests for any program. DejaGnu comes with
expect and Tcl.
diff compares files showing line-by-line changes in several
flexible formats. It is much faster than traditional Unix versions.
The Diffutils distribution contains
DJ Delorie has ported GCC/G++ 2.5.7 to the i386 MS-DOS platform. The
DJGPP package also contains a 32-bit 80386 DOS extender with symbolic
debugger; development libraries; and ports of Bison,
flex, GAS, and
the GNU binary utilities. Full source code is provided.
DJGPP supports SVGA (up to 1024x768),
XMS & VDISK memory allocation,
VCPI (e.g. QEMM, DESQview, & 386MAX), and
DPMI (e.g. Windows 3.x, OS/2, QEMM, & QDPMI).
It is available via FTP from
ftp.clarkson.edu in `/pub/msdos/djgpp'. You can
subscribe to a mailing list on DJGPP by sending your e-mail address to
firstname.lastname@example.org. In addition, the FSF
distributes it on floppy disks and on the Compiler Tools Binaries CD-ROM.
See the description for GCC in this section for more information.
dld is a dynamic linker written by W. Wilson Ho. Linking your
program with the
dld library allows you to dynamically load object
files into the running binary. Currently supported are VAX (Ultrix), Sun 3
(SunOS 3.4 and 4.0), SPARC (SunOS 4.0), Sequent Symmetry (Dynix), and Atari ST.
This program is intended as a utility to help software developers ensure that their source file names are distinguishable on System V platforms with 14-character filenames and on MS-DOS with 11 character filenames.
ecc is a Reed-Solomon error correction checking program, which can
correct three byte errors in a block of 255 bytes and detect more severe
This is a small library of Emacs Lisp functions, including routines for using AVL trees and doubly-linked lists.
elvis is a clone of the
ex Unix editor. It
supports nearly all of the
ex commands in both visual and
elvis runs under BSD, System V, Xenix, Minix, MS-DOS &
Atari TOS, and should be easy to port to many other systems.
In 1975, Richard Stallman developed the first Emacs, an extensible, customizable real-time display editor. GNU Emacs is his second implementation. It offers true Lisp--smoothly integrated into the editor--for writing extensions, and provides an interface to MIT's X Window System. In addition to its powerful native command set, extensions which emulate other popular editors are distributed: vi, EDT (DEC's VMS editor) and Gosling (aka Unipress) Emacs. It has many other features which make it a full computing support environment. It is described by the GNU Emacs Manual, the GNU Emacs Lisp Reference Manual and a reference card. Source for all three come with the software.
GNU Emacs 18.59 runs on many Unix systems (in hardware order): Alliant FX/80 & FX/2800, Altos 3068, Amdahl (UTS), Apollo, AT&T (3Bs & 7300 PC), DG Aviion, Bull DPX/2 (2nn & 3nn) CCI 5/32 & 6/32, Celerity, Convex, Digital (DECstation 3100 & 5000 (PMAXes), Mips, VAX (BSD, SysV & VMS)), Motorola Delta 147 & 187 Dual, Elxsi 6400, Encore (DPC, APC & XPC), Gould, HP (9000 series 200, 300, 700 & 800, but not 500), HLH Orion (original & 1/05), IBM (RS/6000 (AIX), RT/PC (4.2 & AIX) & PS/2 (AIX (386 only))), ISI (Optimum V, 80386), Intel 860 & 80386 (BSD, Esix, SVR3, SVR4, SCO, ISC, IX, AIX & others (see "MS-DOS Distribution" & "Free Software for Microcomputers")), Iris (2500, 2500 Turbo & 4D), Masscomp, MIPS, National Semiconductor 32000, NeXT (Mach), NCR Tower 32 (SVR2 & SVR3), Nixdorf Targon 31, Nu (TI & LMI), pfa50, Plexus, Prime EXL, Pyramid (original & MIPS), Sequent (Balance & Symmetry), SONY News (m68k & MIPS), Stride (system release 2), all Suns including 386i (all SunOS & some Solaris vers.), Tadpole, Tahoe, Tandem Integrity S2, Tektronix (16000 & 4300), Triton 88, Ustation E30 (SS5E), Whitechapel (MG1) & Wicat.
In operating system order: AIX (RS/6000, RT/PC, 386-PS/2), BSD (vers. 4.1, 4.2, 4.3), DomainOS, Esix (386), HP-UX (HP 9000 series 200, 300, 700, 800 but not 500), ISC (386), IX (386), Mach, Microport, NewsOS (Sony m68k & MIPS) SCO (386), SVR0 (Vax, AT&T 3Bs), SVR2, SVR3, SVR4, Solaris 2.0, SunOS, UTS (Amdahl), Ultrix (vers. 3.0, 4,1), Uniplus 5.2 (Dual machines), VMS (vers. 4.0, 4.2, 4.4, 5.5) & Xenix (386).
Unlike some other recent derivations of Emacs, GNU Emacs 19 continues to work on character-only terminals as well as under the X Window System. New features in Emacs 19 include: multiple X windows ("frames" to Emacs), with a separate X window for the minibuffer or with a minibuffer attached to each X window; property lists associated with regions of text in a buffer; multiple fonts and colors defined by those properties; simplified and improved processing of function keys, mouse clicks and mouse movement; X selection processing, including clipboard selections; hooks to be run if point or mouse moves outside a certain range; menu bars and popup menus defined by keymaps; scrollbars; before and after change hooks; source-level debugging of Emacs Lisp programs; European character sets support; floating point numbers; improved buffer allocation, using a new mechanism capable of returning storage to the system when a buffer is killed; interfacing with the X resource manager; GNU configuration scheme support; good RCS support; & many updated libraries.
GNU Emacs 19.22 is known to work on (in hardware order): Bull DPX/2 2nn & 3nn (SVR3) & sps7 (SVR2); Clipper; Cubix QBx (SysV); DEC MIPS (Ultrix 4.2 & OSF/1, not VMS); Motorola Delta 147 & 187 (SVR3, SVR4, & m88kbcs); Elxsi 6400 (SysV); Gould Power Node & NP1 (BSD 4.2 & 4.3); Honeywell XPS100 (SysV); HP9000 series 200, 300, 700, 800 (BSD 4.3 or HP-UX 7, 8, 9); i386 & i486 (386BSD, AIX, BSDI/386, FreeBSD, Esix, ISC, Linux, NetBSD, SCO3.2v4 with ODT, SysV, Xenix); RS6000 (AIX 3.2); RT/PC (AIX or BSD); Iris 4D (Irix 4.x & 5.x); National Semiconductor 32K (Genix); NeXT (BSD or Mach 2 w/ NeXTStep 3.0); Prime EXL (SysV); Pyramid (BSD); Sequent Symmetry (BSD); Sun 3 & 4, SPARC 1, 1+, 2, 10 & Classic (SunOS 4.0, 4.1, Solaris 2); Tadpole 68k (SysV); Tektronix XD88 (SVR3) & 4300 (BSD); & Titan P2 & P3 (SysV).
In operating system order: AIX (i386, RS6000, RT/PC); BSD 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 (i386, Gould Power Node & NP1, HP9000 series 300, NeXT, Pyramid, Symmetry, Tektronix 4300, RT/PC); Esix (i386); Genix (ns32k); HP-UX 7, 8, 9 (HP 9000 series 200, 300, 700, 800, but not 500); Irix 4 & 5 (Iris 4D); ISC (i386); Linux (i386); NetBSD (i386, HP9000 series 300); Mach 2 & 3 (i386, NeXT); SCO 3.2v4 (i386); SVR2 (Bull sps7); SVR3 (Bull DPX/2 2nn & 3nn, Motorola Delta 147 & 187, Tektronix XD88); SVR4 (Motorola Delta 147 & 187); Solaris 2 (SPARC 1, 1+, 2, 10, Classic); SunOS 4.0, 4.1 (Sun 3 & 4, SPARC 1, 1+, 2, 10 & Classic); Ultrix 4.2 (DEC MIPS); & Xenix (i386).
Other configurations supported by Emacs 18 should work with few changes; as users tell us more about their experiences with different systems, we will augment the list. Also see "Project GNU Status Report".
This is an extensible shell based on
rc that has
first class functions, lexical scope, an exception system, and
rich return values (i.e. functions can return values other than just
rc, it is great for both interactive use and for
scripting, particularly because its quoting rules are much less baroque
than the C or Bourne shells.
expect runs scripts to conduct dialogs with programs. It is
distributed along with Tcl and DejaGnu.
f2c converts Fortran-77 source files into C or C++, which can
then be compiled with GCC.
Fax is the freely-available MIT AI Lab fax spooling system, which provides Group 3 fax transmission and reception services for a networked Unix system. It requires a faxmodem which conforms to the new EIA-592 Asynchronous Facsimile DCE Control Standard, Service Class 2.
Fileutils work on files:
Only some of these are on the Selected Utilities diskettes.
find(UtilD, UtilT, SrcCD)
find is frequently used both interactively and in shell scripts to
find files which match certain criteria and perform arbitrary operations on
locate are also included.
GNU Finger, which serves as a direct replacement for existing finger programs, solves this problem. For sites with many hosts, a single host may be designated as the finger server host. This host collects information about who is logged in to other hosts at that site. If a user at site A wants to know about users logged on at site B, a single query to any machine at the site will return complete information.
flex(LangT, UtilD, SrcCD)
flex is a mostly-compatible replacement for the
generator, written by Vern Paxson of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.
flex generates far more efficient scanners than
Sources for the Flex Manual and reference card are included.
The Fontutils can create fonts for use with Ghostscript or TeX, starting with a scanned type image and converting the bitmaps to outlines. They also contain general conversion programs and other utilities.
The GNU assembler has been rewritten to use the BFD library. Native assembly works for: Sun 3, 4, & SPARC (SunOS 4.1 or Solaris 2); i386 (AIX, 386BSD, BSDI/386, Linux); m68k (BSD, HP-UX, Convergent Technologies SysV); MIPS (Ultrix, Irix); Hitachi H8/500; & VAX (BSD, Ultrix, VMS).
Cross assembling can be done for: i386 (SCO, go32 MS-DOS/DJGPP); ebmon29k; Hitachi H8/300; i960 (COFF); MIPS ECOFF (Ultrix, Iris, MIPS Magnum); Nindy 960; vxworks (68k or 960); & Zilog Z8000.
GAWK is upwardly compatible with the System V Release 4 version of
awk. Texinfo source for the GAWK Manual comes with the
Version 2 of the GNU C compiler supports three languages: C, C++ and
Objective C; the source file name suffix or a compiler option selects
the language. The front end support for Objective C was donated by NeXT.
The runtime support needed to run Objective C programs is now distributed
with GCC (this does not include any Objective C classes aside from
object). As much as possible, G++ is kept compatible with the
evolving draft ANSI standard, but not with
compiler), which has been diverging from ANSI.
The GNU C compiler is a fairly portable optimizing compiler which performs automatic register allocation, common sub-expression elimination, invariant code motion from loops, induction variable optimizations, constant propagation and copy propagation, delayed popping of function call arguments, tail recursion elimination, integration of inline functions and frame pointer elimination, instruction scheduling, loop unrolling, filling of delay slots, leaf function optimization, optimized multiplication by constants, a certain amount of common subexpression elimination (CSE) between basic blocks (though not all of the supported machine descriptions provide for scheduling or delay slots), a feature for assigning attributes to instructions, and many local optimizations that are automatically deduced from the machine description. Function-wide CSE has been written, but needs to be cleaned up before it can be installed. Position-independent code is supported on the 68k, i386, Hitachi Slt, Hitachi H8/300, Clipper, 88k, SPARC & SPARClite.
GCC can open-code most arithmetic on 64-bit values (type
int). It supports extended floating point (type
long double) on
the 68k; other machines will follow.
GCC supports full ANSI C, traditional C and GNU C extensions. GNU C has been extended to support nested functions, nonlocal gotos, and taking the address of a label.
GCC can generate a.out, COFF, ELF & OSF-Rose files when used with a suitable assembler. It can produce debugging information in these formats: BSD stabs, COFF, ECOFF, ECOFF with stabs, & DWARF.
GCC generates code for: a29k, Alpha, ARM, Convex cN, Clipper, Elxsi, H8300, HP-PA (1.0 and 1.1) i370, i386, i486, i860, i960, m68k, m68020, m88k, MIPS, ns32k, Pyramid, ROMP, RS6000, SH, SPARC, SPARClite, VAX, and we32k.
Operating systems supported include: AIX, ACIS, AOS, BSD, Clix, Ctix, DG/UX, Dynix, Genix, HP-UX, ISC, Irix, Linux, Luna, LynxOS, Mach, Minix, NeWSOS, OSF, OSF-Rose, RISCOS, SCO, Solaris 2, SunOS 4, SysV, Ultrix, Unos, & VMS.
The old (version 1) machine descriptions for the Alliant, Tahoe and Spur (as well as a new port for the Tron) do not work, but are still included in the distribution in case someone wants to work on them.
Using the configuration scheme for GCC, building a cross-compiler is as easy as building a compiler for the same target machine. Version 2 supports more general calling conventions: it can pass arguments "by reference" and can preallocate the space for stack arguments. GCC 2 on the SPARC uses the SPARC conventions for structure arguments and return values.
Source for the GCC manual, Using and Porting GNU CC, is included with the compiler. The manual describes how to run and install the GNU C compiler, and how to port it to new systems. It describes new features and incompatibilities of the compiler, but people not familiar with C will also need a good reference on the C programming language. Also see "Project GNU Status Report".
In GDB, object files and symbol tables are now read via the BFD library, which allows a single copy of GDB to debug programs of multiple object file formats such as a.out and COFF. Other new features include command language improvements, remote debugging over serial lines or TCP/IP, and watchpoints (breakpoints triggered when the value of an expression changes). Exception handling, SunOS shared libraries and C++ multiple inheritance are only supported when used with GCC version 2.
Both X and GNU Emacs user interfaces to GDB are available, in addition to its command line interpreter.
GDB uses a standard remote interface to a simulator library which (so far) contains simulators for the Zilog Z8001/2, the Hitachi H8/300, H8/500 & Super-H.
GDB can perform cross-debugging. To say that GDB targets a platform means that it can perform native or cross-debugging for it. To say that GDB can host a given platform means that it can be built on it, but cannot necessarily debug native programs. GDB can:
In addition, GDB can use the symbol tables emitted by the compilers supplied by most vendors of MIPS-based machines, including DEC. (These symbol tables are in a format which almost nobody else uses.) Source for the manual Debugging with GDB and a reference card are included.
gdbm(LangT, UtilD, SrcCD)
gdbm library is the GNU replacement for the traditional
ndbm libraries. It implements a database using quick
lookup by hashing.
gdbm does not need sparse file formats
(unlike its Unix counterparts).
Ghostscript is GNU's graphics language which is almost fully compatible with Postscript (see "Project GNU Status Report").
Ghostview provides an X11 user interface for the Ghostscript interpreter. Ghostview and Ghostscript function as two cooperating programs; Ghostview creates a viewing window and Ghostscript draws in it. There is a port for Ghostview to MS-Windows.
GNU MP is a library for arbitrary precision arithmetic on signed integers and rational numbers. It has a rich set of functions with a regular interface.
Gnats (GNats: A Tracking System) is a bug-tracking system. It is based upon the paradigm of a central site or organization which receives problem reports and negotiates their resolution by electronic mail. Although it's been used primarily as a software bug-tracking system so far, it is sufficiently generalized so that it could be used for handling system administration issues, project management or any number of other applications.
gnuplot is an interactive program for plotting mathematical
expressions and data. It handles both curves (2 dimensions) and surfaces
(3 dimensions). Curiously, the program was neither written nor named for
the GNU Project; the name is a coincidence.
GnuGo plays the game of Go (Wei-Chi); it is not yet very sophisticated.
gperf is a "perfect" hash-table generation utility. There are
actually two implementations of
gperf, one written in C and one in
C++. Both will produce hash functions in either C or C++.
GNU Graphics is a set of programs which produce plots from ASCII or binary
data. It supports output to Tektronix 4010, Postscript, and the X Window
System or compatible devices. Features include support for output in ln03
and TekniCAD TDA file formats; a replacement for the
examples of shell scripts using
plot; a statistics
toolkit; and the use of
configure for installation.
Existing ports need retesting. Contact Rich Murphey,
Rich@rice.edu, if you can help test/port it to anything beyond
fgrep(UtilD, UtilT, SrcCD)
[ef]grep programs are GNU's versions of the Unix programs of the
same name. They are much faster than the traditional Unix versions.
groff is a document formatting system, which includes
as well as drivers for Postscript, TeX dvi format, and typewriter-like
devices. Also included is a modified version of the Berkeley
macros and an enhanced version of the X11
mgm is a macro package for
groff. It is almost compatible
with the DWB
mm macros and has several extensions.
Also see "Project GNU Status Report".
gzip(DjgppD, EmcsT, LangT, SrcCD, UtilT)
Some of the contents of our tape and FTP distributions are compressed. We
have software on our tapes and FTP sites to uncompress these files. Due to
patent troubles with
compress, we have switched to another
gzip can expand LZW-compressed
files but uses a different algorithm for compression which generally
produces better results. It also uncompresses files compressed with System
hello program produces a familiar, friendly greeting. It
allows non-programmers to use a classic computer science tool which would
otherwise be unavailable to them. Because it is protected by the GNU
General Public License, users are free to share and change it.
Like any truly useful program,
hello provides a built-in mail
GNU hp2xx reads HP-GL files, decomposes all drawing commands into elementary vectors, and converts them into a variety of vector and raster output formats. It is also an HP-GL previewer. Currently supported vector formats include encapsulated Postscript, Uniplex RGIP, Metafont and various special TeX-related formats, and simplified HP-GL (line drawing only) for imports. Raster formats supported include IMG, PBM, PCX, & HP-PCL (including Deskjet & DJ5xxC support). Previewers work under X11 (Unix), OS/2 (PM & full screen), MS-DOS (SVGA, VGA, & HGC).
indent(UtilD, UtilT, SrcCD)
indent is a modified version of the freely-redistributable BSD
program of the same name. It formats C source according to GNU coding
standards by default, though the BSD default and other formats are
available as options. Also see "Project GNU Status Report".
Ispell is an interactive spell checker that suggests "near misses" as replacements for unrecognized words. System and user-maintained dictionaries can be used. Standalone and GNU Emacs interfaces are available.
JACAL is a symbolic mathematics system for the simplification and manipulation of equations and single and multiple--valued algebraic expressions constructed of numbers, variables, radicals, and algebraic functions, differential operators and holonomic functions. In addition, vectors and matrices of the above objects are included.
JACAL was written in Scheme by Aubrey Jaffer. It comes with an IEEE
P1178 and R4RS compliant version of Scheme ("SCM") written in C. SCM
runs on Amiga, Atari-ST, MS-DOS, NOS/VE, VMS, Unix and similar systems.
SLIB is a portable Scheme library used by JACAL. Get JACAL, SLIB, and
SCM sources via anonymous FTP from either
altdorf.ai.mit.edu in `/archive/scm' or
prep.ai.mit.edu in `/pub/gnu/jacal'.
The FSF is not distributing JACAL on any media. To receive an IBM PC floppy disk with the source and executable files, send $99.00 to:
Aubrey Jaffer, 84 Pleasant Street, Wakefield, MA 01880 USA
less(UtilD, UtilT, SrcCD)
less is a display paginator similar to
with various features (such as the ability to scroll backwards) that most
The GNU C++ library is an extensive collection of C++ forest classes, a new IOStream library for input/output routines, and support tools for use with G++. Among the classes supported are Obstacks, multiple-precision Integers and Rationals, Complex numbers, arbitrary length Strings, BitSets, and BitStrings. There is also a set of pseudo-generic prototype files available for generating common container classes. Partial documentation in Texinfo format is included (not yet published on paper).
m4(UtilD, UtilT, SrcCD)
m4 is an implementation of the traditional Unix macro processor.
It is mostly SVR4 compatible, although it has some extensions (for example,
handling more than 9 positional parameters to macros).
m4 also has
built-in functions for including files, running shell commands, doing
make(BinCD, EmcsT, LangT, UtilD, UtilT, SrcCD)
make supports POSIX 1003.2 and has all but a few obscure
features of the BSD and System V versions of
make, as well as many
of our own extensions. GNU extensions include long options, parallel
compilation, conditional execution and functions for text manipulation.
Texinfo source for the Make Manual comes with the program.
make is on several of our tapes because some native
make programs lack the
VPATH feature essential for using
the GNU configure system to its full extent. A shell script is included to
make on such systems. Also see "Project GNU Status
A parallel Mandelbrot generation program for the MIT X Window System.
mtools is a set of public domain programs to allow Unix systems to read, write and manipulate files on an MS-DOS file system (usually a diskette).
MULE is a MULtilingual Enhancement to GNU Emacs 18. It can handle many character sets at once including Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Vietnamese, Thai, Greek, the ISO Latin-1 through Latin-5 character sets, Ukrainian, Russian, and other Cyrillic alphabets. A text buffer in MULE can contain a mixture of characters from these languages. To input any of these characters, you can use various input methods provided by MULE itself. In addition, if you use MULE under some terminal emulator (kterm, cxterm, or exterm), you can use its input methods.
NetHack is a display-oriented adventure game similar to Rogue. Both ASCII and X displays are supported.
The NIH Class Library (formerly known as "OOPS", Object-Oriented Program Support) is a portable collection of G++ classes, similar to those in Smalltalk-80, which has been developed by Keith Gorlen of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), using the C++ programming language.
Octave is a high-level language, primarily intended for numerical computations. It provides a convenient command line interface for solving linear and nonlinear problems numerically.
Octave can do arithmetic for real and complex scalars and matrices, solve sets of nonlinear algebraic equations, integrate functions over finite and infinite intervals, and integrate systems of ordinary differential and differential-algebraic equations.
Octave is available via anonymous ftp from
the directory `/pub/octave'. The files are in gzipped tar format
(see the file `README' on
The Octave distribution includes a 150+ page Texinfo manual.
Oleo is a spreadsheet program (better for you than the more expensive spreadsheets). It supports the X Window System and character-based terminals, and can output Embedded Postscript renditions of spreadsheets. Keybindings should be familiar to Emacs users and are configurable. Under X and in Postscript output, Oleo supports multiple, variable width fonts. Also see "Project GNU Status Report".
p2c is a Pascal-to-C translator written by Dave Gillespie. It is
intended primarily for use on 32-bit machines, though porting it to convert
code to work on 16-bit machines may be possible.
patch is our version of Larry Wall's program to take
output and apply those differences to an original file to generate the
PCL is a free implementation of a large subset of CLOS, the Common Lisp Object System. PCL was written by Xerox Corporation.
perl combines the features and capabilities of
sh and C, as well as interfaces to all the
system calls and many C library routines. Perl Mode for editing
perl code comes with GNU Emacs 19.
ptx(UtilD, UtilT, SrcCD)
ptx is the GNU version of
ptx, a permuted index generator.
Among other things, it produces readable "KWIC" (KeyWords In Context)
indexes without the need of
nroff. There is an option to output
rc is a shell that features a C-like syntax (much more so than
csh) and far cleaner quoting rules than the C or Bourne shells.
It's intended to be used interactively, but is also great for writing
scripts. It inspired the shell
The Revision Control System, RCS, is used for version control and
management of software projects. When used with GNU
diff, RCS can
handle binary files (executables, object files, 8-bit data, etc).
Also see the entry for "CVS".
recode converts files between character sets and usages. When exact
transliterations are not possible, it may get rid of the offending
characters or fall back on approximations. This program recognizes or
produces nearly 150 different character sets and is able to transliterate
files between almost any pair. Most RFC 1345 character sets are supported.
The GNU regular expression library supports POSIX.2, except for internationalization features. In the past, it has been included in many GNU programs which use regex routines. Now it is finally available separately.
For information about Scheme, see "Contents of the Scheme Tape". The version on the Source Code CD-ROM only works under MS-DOS.
screen is a terminal multiplexor that runs several separate
"screens" (ttys) on a single physical terminal. Each virtual terminal
emulates a DEC VT100 plus several ANSI X3.64 and ISO 2022 functions.
screen sessions can be detached and resumed later on a different
sed(UtilD, UtilT, SrcCD)
sed is a stream-oriented version of
ed. It is used copiously
in shell scripts. GNU sed comes with the rx library, which is a faster
version of regex.
Shellutils are used interactively or in shell scripts:
Shogi is a Japanese game similar to Chess; a major difference is that captured pieces can be returned into play.
GNU Shogi has been created by modifying GNU Chess; GNU Shogi implements the same features as GNU Chess and uses similar heuristics. As a new feature, sequences of partial board patterns can be introduced in order to help the program play a good order of moves towards specific opening patterns. There is both a text and X display interface.
GNU Shogi is primarily supported by Matthias Mutz on behalf of FSF.
Matthias Mutz, Universitaet Passau, FMI, 94030 Passau Germany E-mail:
GNU Smalltalk is an interpreted object-oriented programming language system written in portable C. Features include an incremental garbage collector, a binary image save capability, the ability to invoke user-written C code and pass parameters to it, a GNU Emacs editing mode, optional byte-code compilation tracing and byte-code execution tracing, and automatically loaded per-user initialization files. Also see "Project GNU Status Report".
Superopt is a function sequence generator that uses an exhaustive generate-and-test approach to find the shortest instruction sequence for a given function. You provide the GNU superoptimizer a function, a CPU to generate code for, and how many instructions you can accept. Its application in GCC is described in the ACM SIGPLAN PLDI'92 proceedings. Superopt supports: SPARC, m68k, m68020, m88k, IBM RS/6000, AMD 29000, Intel 80x86, Pyramid, DEC Alpha, & HP-PA.
tar includes multivolume support, the ability to archive sparse
files, automatic archive compression/decompression, remote archives and
special features that allow
tar to be used for incremental and full
backups. Unfortunately GNU
tar implements an early draft of the
POSIX 1003.1 ustar standard which is different from the final
standard. Adding support for the new changes in a backward-compatible
fashion is not trivial.
The GNU Termcap library is a drop-in replacement for `libtermcap.a' on any system. It does not place an arbitrary limit on the size of Termcap entries, unlike most other Termcap libraries. Included is source for the Termcap Manual in Texinfo format.
TeX is document formatting system that handles complicated typesetting, including mathematics. It is the standard formatter for the GNU system.
We do not distribute TeX because you can get it from the University of Washington, who serve as the center for maintenance of the Unix version of TeX.
To order a full distribution written in
tar on either a 1/4-inch
4-track QIC-24 cartridge or a 4mm DAT cartridge, send $210.00 to:
Northwest Computing Support Center DR-10, Thomson Hall 35 E-mail:
email@example.comUniversity of Washington Seattle, WA 98195 Phone: (206) 543-6259
Please make checks payable to the University of Washington. Checks must be in U.S. Dollars, drawn on a U.S. bank. Prepaid orders are preferred but purchase orders are acceptable; however, purchase orders carry an extra charge of $10.00 to pay for invoice processing. Overseas sites: please add to the base cost $20.00 for shipment via air parcel post, or $30.00 for shipment via courier. Please check with the above for current prices and formats.
Texinfo is a set of utilities which generate printed manuals and online hypertext-style documentation (called "Info"), and provide means for reading the online versions. Version 3 contains both GNU Emacs Lisp and standalone C programs, as well as source for the Texinfo Manual. Also see "Project GNU Status Report".
The Textutils programs manipulate textual data:
Tcl is an embeddable tool command language.
expect and DejaGnu work with and use Tcl.
Tile Forth is a 32-bit implementation of the Forth--83 standard written in C, allowing it to be easily moved between different computers (traditionally, Forth implementations are written in assembler to use the underlying hardware as optimally as possible, but this also makes them less portable).
time is used to report statistics (usually from a shell) about the
amount of user, system and real time used by a process.
tput is a portable way to allow shell scripts to use special
terminal capabilities. GNU
tput uses the Termcap database, rather
than Terminfo as most implementations do.
This version of UUCP was written by Ian Lance Taylor, and is the standard
UUCP system for GNU. It currently supports the
g (in all
window and packet sizes),
e protocols, as
well a Zmodem protocol and two new bidirectional protocols. If you have a
Berkeley sockets library, it can make TCP connections. If you have TLI
libraries, it can make TLI connections.
Uuencode and uudecode are used to transmit binary files over transmission mediums that do not support other than simple ASCII data.
wdiff compares two files, finding which words have been deleted or
added to the first in order to obtain the second. We hope eventually to
integrate it, as well as some ideas from a similar program called
spiff, into future releases of GNU
This tape contains a Common Lisp implementation, GNU Emacs, assorted extensions that work with GNU Emacs, and a few other important utilities.
This tape contains programming tools: compilers, interpreters, and related programs (parsers, conversion programs, debuggers, etc.).
This tape consists mostly of smaller utilities and miscellaneous applications not available on the other GNU tapes.
Scheme is a simplified, lexically-scoped dialect of Lisp. It was designed at MIT and other universities to teach students the art of programming, and to research new parallel programming constructs and compilation techniques.
This tape contains MIT Scheme 7.1, which conforms to the (MIT AI Lab Memo 848b), for which TeX source is included. It is written partly in C, but is presently hard to bootstrap. Binaries which can be used to bootstrap Scheme are available for the following systems:
If your system is not on this list and you don't enjoy the bootstrap challenge, see the "JACAL" entry in the "GNU Software Available Now."
The two X11 tapes contain Version 11, Release 5 of the MIT X Window System. The first FSF tape contains all of the core software, documentation and some contributed clients. We call this the "required" X tape since it is necessary for running X or running GNU Emacs under X. The second, "optional", FSF tape contains contributed libraries and other toolkits, the Andrew User Interface System, games, and other programs.
The X11 Required tape also contains all fixes and patches released to date. We update this tape as new fixes and patches are released.
The Berkeley "Net2" release contains the second 4.3 BSD distribution and is newer than both 4.3 BSD-Tahoe and 4.3 BSD-Reno. It includes most of the BSD software system except for a few utilities, some parts of the kernel and some library routines which your own C library is likely to provide (we have replacements on other tapes for many of the missing programs). This release also contains third party software including Kerberos and some GNU software.
We offer two VMS tapes. One has just the GNU Emacs editor. The other has the GNU C compiler, Bison (to compile GCC), GAS (to assemble GCC's output) and some library and include files. We are not aware of a GDB port for VMS. Both VMS tapes have executables from which you can bootstrap, as the DEC VMS C compiler cannot compile GCC. Please do not ask us to devote effort to VMS support, because it is peripheral to the GNU Project.
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