Volume 3, Chapter 3, Names Associated with the Ch’in Face

At the head of the ch’in, there is a forehead (e ). After the forehead, comes the dew receptor (ch’eng-lu 承露). On it, there are seven holes, called string eyelets (hsuan-yen 絃眼).  The yarn fasteners (jung-k'ou 絨扣) adjoin the dew receptor and rise up on the bridge (yueh-shan 岳山), also known as the lin-yueh (臨岳).  In from the bridge, 8 or 9 tenths of an inch, is the start of the nape (ch'i-hsiang 起項).  In the middle of the nape, we have the neck (ching ).  Expanding from the neck, we come to the shoulders (chien ).  Gradually narrowing, we come to the waist (yao ), and then the center of the waist (yao chong 腰中).  Then we finish up with the end of the waist (yao mo 腰末).  At this point, we slightly expand for the beginning of the tail (ch'i wei 起尾).  At the sides of the end of the tail, we have the angular corners (leng chue ), also called cap corners (Kuan-chueh 冠角).  Because Master Ts'ai[1] made a ch'in from the cooked remnant of some t'ung wood, we also call this part the "scorched tail" (chiao wei 焦尾).  In the center of the surface, at the extreme end of the tail, slightly raised, we have the nut (lit. "dragon's gums", lung-yin 龍齦).  On the left side of the surface, we have thirteen round objects, called hui ( or ).  In order, the first hui is near the bridge, and they run successively to the thirteenth near the tail.  On the bridge, we place seven strings.  In order, the first string is placed starting next to the hui, and then placed successively to the seventh string, which is near the player.












[1] Ts'ai Yung, a famous player of the Han dynasty.