Introduction to Human Computer Interaction (HCI)

Design Project

Note: Directions for each milestone are subject to change until the date that the milestone is assigned and discussed in class.

The design project is meant to give you hands-on experience with a variety of techniques for HCI design. By the end of the quarter you will have engaged in substantive collaborative work, and should have material of appropriate quality for including in a portfolio.

In weeks 2-6, you will work with a team to conduct research on a shared topic, and identify a problem that you will address through a design project.

In weeks 7-10, you will develop a response to your problem through storyboarding, prototyping, and preliminary user evaluation.

During the scheduled finals time slot, you will present your work to the rest of the class.

A Note About Learning Goals: Because this will be the first time that most of you have ever engaged in a major HCI research and design project, I do not expect you to complete it all perfectly. I do, however, expect you to put in a good faith effort and learn from both your successes and failures. Learning through project-based work is an incremental process that requires your continued reflection. Similarly, good design does not appear out of thin air, but is, instead, the result of a careful process. As such, each milestone includes a written reflection requirement in which you will consider your experience with that stage of the design process, challenges you faced, and things you learned. Because I am much more interested in your learning (and not your ability to create perfect things on the first try), these reflections are a significant portion of your grade.

This project is a group project. All team members will receive the same grade on each milestone unless there is a major work discrepancy, in which case I reserve the right to lower the grades of those who do not fully contribute to the workload. I know group work can be more challenging than individual work, however, learning to work on teams – navigating the good and the bad – is a vital skill for your future. You will never work alone in professional settings, and you need team projects to talk about in interviews. While many activities will be easier to complete in face-to-face meetings, you might also use this project as an opportunity to develop your remote working skills. Again, it will be very common in professional settings to have remote team members. As of this year, PSU finally has a Zoom license. You might use this project as an opportunity to familiarize yourself with this professional video-conferencing and screen sharing tool.

Milestone Due Date Points
D0: Team Contract Sun, Jan 19, 11:59p 5
D1P: Research Presentation In class, Week 6, Meeting 1 (Feb 10 or 11) 5
D1: Research Report + Problem Statement Sun, Feb 16, 11:59p 10
D2: Design Proposal Sun, Mar 1, 11:59p 10
D3: Design Case Study Sun, Mar 15, 11:59p 10
D3P: Final Presentation In Class, Final Exam Period 5

D0: Team Contract

This is your first group milestone, and should be a very short turn in. It is mostly about team logistics, and making sure you are all set up for a successful quarter. Should be 5 very easy points.

D0: Logistics

Assigned & Discussed in Class: Week 2, Meeting 2

Due: End of Week 2 / Sunday, January 19, 11:59p

Turn In: A single, well-organized .docx or .pdf file to the appropriate folder on Canvas.

The memo should include:

  • A team name.

  • All team member names.

  • A brief (2-5 sentence) summary of your design challenge. You may use the IDEO project framing template, but it is not required. See for a full copy of the book this is from.

  • A Team Contract:

    • A list of all team member names and email addresses.
    • A communication plan: how will you communicate with each-other? Will you make a multi-person private chat on Twist? Will you use email? Will you create a group SMS or Facebook message? I don't care what it is, but I want to know all team members are on the same page.
    • A work plan:
      • Have you discussed each other's work and school schedules? If not, do that now and then answer this question with a Yes.
        • Does anyone on your team have a major time commitment this quarter that may make it hard for them to contribute to the project during some period of time (e.g., a week long work trip, a best friend's wedding, a really important midterm in a really hard class)? How will you work around these commitments?
      • When/how will you work outside of class? Will you have a regular meeting or schedule meetings as needed?
      • What tools will you use to collaborate: e.g., will you use Google Docs to draft text, and provide feedback to each other there? If not, what is your alternative plan?
    • An outline of individual responsibilities and project timeline: There are a lot of moving parts between now and your first major milestone, due in week 6. Make a specific timeline with clear responsibilities and internal deadlines ahead of the class submission deadline. Who will take the lead on each of these tasks? Who will take the lead on motivating and coordinating the group, making sure everyone else has done their part?
    • An outline of individual contributions so far. What has each person done to contribute to this first milestone? (You will write a brief summary of individual contributions with each milestone. Please know that I read these, and will adjust grades accordingly.)
  • Request for Feedback:

    • What kind of feedback do you want from me right now? What questions do you have?

D0: Grading

This is worth 5 points towards your final grade. All group members will receive the same grade.

  • 0: Not turned in or contains plagiarized content.
  • 3.5: Turned in something that partially fulfills requirements.
  • 4.5: Memo addresses all items in the list above, at least superficially.
  • 5: Memo is not only complete but also thoughtful. It could be used as an example of excellent work in a future class.

D1P: Research Presentation

This is an informal 4-6 minute presentation in which you will share your research-in-progress with the class and get feedback on your problem statement.

D1P: Logistics

Assigned & Discussed in Class: Week 4

Due: Noon, day of presentation: Week 6, Meeting 1

Turn In: (1) Upload a .ppt or .pptx or .pdf file to Canvas by noon. (2) Give your presentation in class.

Your slides MUST be in PDF or PowerPoint format. No, you absolutely may NOT present from Google Slides or Prezi or any other online service.

Everyone will present off of the computer in the room. It does not support dual displays.

D1P: Specification

  • Aim for 5 minutes. Anything in the 4-6 minute range is okay.
  • Everyone in your team must meaningfully participate.
  • Your presentation should include, at minimum:
    1. Who are you? Introduce yourselves.
    2. What is your general topic area? Why is it interesting or important?
    3. What have you learned from your research so far?
    4. What is the problem that you have identified?

Your presentation should not include a proposal for a design or technology solution of any kind.

D1P: Grading

This assignment is worth 5 points. You must attend class and participate in your team's presentation to receive any points for this assignment.

.95 .85 .75 .65
Presentation lasted 4-6 minutes. Slides were turned in by noon. All team members participate.
Slides not turned in by noon. Over time by > 2 minutes. Not even 4 minutes -or- all team members do not participate in a meaningful way.
You manage your own time. You seem prepared. Perhaps you have notes. You do not ramble.
. Presentation ends up fine, but you do not seem well-prepared or rehearsed. .
Delivery & Organization
Strong focus & structure. Clear speaking. Engaging delivery. You face the audience and make good eye contact. Increases audience interest.
Well-organized, clear delivery, somewhat interesting. Audience can follow the big picture story but some details are confusing. Uninteresting or unclear delivery. Audience struggled to follow your point. You do not face the audience and/or do not make good eye contact.
Increases audience knowledge. Hits all five requirements (who are you, topic, research, problem, no solution)
Overall a fine presentation, but misses one of the key requirements. Content doesn't match the audience. We are unable to follow your main point because you talk above our heads or don't provide sufficient context. Fails to fulfill multiple requirements.
Graphics and/or charts are used liberally and to good effect. Text is presented in small easily digestible chunks. Slides are useful as visual aids for the audience and do not distract from your speaking.
There are at least three meaningful graphics, and no more than one or two lengthy bulleted lists. There are many lengthy bulleted lists. There are whole paragraphs of text. Graphics are distracting / extraneous / non-existent. (NB: If you never, in the course of speaking, refer to your graphics, they are probably extraneous.)
  • +0.25 point is reserved for exceptionally high quality work, such as especially well-designed slides, a particularly engaging presentation, or especially thought-provoking content.
  • If you do not give your presentation, but you do turn in a complete slide deck, you will receive 0 points.

D1: Research Report + Problem Statement

In this milestone you will identify something (a practice or a technology) that is broken or could be improved. You will talk to other people about how it is broken/challenging/frustrating/difficult. It will be important to focus your research on what people are doing / want to do. Don’t ask your research question directly!

You will then use your research findings to define and scope an actionable problem statement. You will create analysis & communication artifacts to identify WHO your target users are and WHAT they want/need to do. You will define success CRITERIA, but you will not develop a solution yet.

D1: Logistics

Assigned & Discussed in Class: Week 2, Meeting 2

Due: End of week 6 / Sun, Feb 16, 11:59p

Turn in Directions: You should upload to Canvas:

  • A single .zip file containing:
    • 4 audio files or other proof of completing the interviews
    • A single, well-organized .docx or .pdf file containing all other required contents.

D1: Directions

  1. Background: Pick one activity (a) conduct at least 2 20-minute observations or (b) conduct some background research that includes reviewing at least 2 research publications related to your project
  2. Interviewing: Conduct at least 4 interviews. You must have completed all of these interviews no later than the start of class in Week 5 Meeting 2
  3. Diagramming: Create three diagrams or other data representations to summarize your major research findings. We will start making diagrams/maps/representations in class in Week 5, Meeting 2.
  4. Problem Statement: Refine your initial design challenge into a short 1-2 paragraph problem statement. We will discuss problem statements in class in Week 4, but you should finalize this at the end of week 6.

Part 1: Choice A: Observations

If you choose this option for part 1, you should conduct two periods of observation in a public location. Each period should be at least 20 minutes long. You should vary either the time or location of your 2 observation periods meaningfully.

Because this is a very short class assignment, and you are a novice, you should not conduct any observations in a location where people would have a reasonable expectation of privacy. Exception: With explicit permission, you may observe someone else in this class or a friend if you want to study something that does not occur in a public location – e.g., if you want to observe how someone follows a recipe to cook something in their kitchen. You must get my okay in advance for what you plan to observe.

  • For example, you might observe for 20 minutes at the food trucks at lunch time, and come back and conduct observations again at the same location for 20 minutes at 5pm.
  • Or, you might observe people at the bus stop near city hall from 4:45-5:15 on one day, and observe people at Urban Plaza on PSU campus from 12:00-12:20 on another day.

You may take field notes in a medium of your choice (e.g., on your phone, laptop, or in a small notebook).

  • Field notes should total at least 4 pages in length. I should see things like time stamps, written notes, small sketches or maps of the location. You can see examples of my own field notes in the lecture slides from the first course meeting.

Part 1: Choice B: Research

If you choose this option for pat 1, you should conduct a mini lit review to help you better understand your problem space. This review should include at least 2 academic research publications in the area of your project. It may additionally include some market research in which you look at existing products in your area of interest.

The goal of this part of the project is to help you better understand the current situation with regards to your topic area. For some of your pojects, this might be far more valuable than conducting raw observations.

The research publications you look at do not need to be specifically related to technology. They might be, but you might also think about who might be a domain expert relevant to your project. For example, in the kids toothbrush design video, we could go look ourselves at how children use toothbrushes to realize they need bigger handles than adults … or we could talk to any Kindergarten teacher or parent of a young child to better understand how other kinds of things are designed for kids (e.g., jumbo crayons!).

Part 2: Interviews

  • You must conduct 4 interviews.
  • At least 3 interviews must be at least 15 minutes long. (You can have one failure! But after that, you need to redo them if they aren't lasting at least 15 minutes.)
  • Prepare an interview guide with at least 10 questions on it before the first interviews (We will work on this in class in Week 3).
    • Revise the interview guide between interviews
  • Record the interview. You MUST SECURE EXPLICIT PERMISSION from the interviewee before starting the recording!
  • No more than 1 interviewee may be in this class (across both sections).
  • At least 1 interviewee must be someone who is NOT a computer science major.

Part 3: Diagramming

You should create three diagrams for this project. At least one diagram must be focused on the who of your project and one must focus on the what of your project. We will discuss options in class in Week 5, and you will have time in class to complete at least one and maybe two diagrams. Here is a list of resources for reference:

Part 4: Problem Statement

After exploring your data, refine your topic area into a clear problem statement that explains the problem that you will tackle in your project. We will discuss problem statements in week 4 and 6. Please refer to the readings in week 4, in particular, for guidance on how to create good problem statements.

D1: Document Specification:

You should turn in a single document which includes, in an organized fashion:

  1. Cover Page:

    • Project Title
    • All team member names & PSU Emails
    • Contribution Summary: What has each person done to contribute to this first major team milestone?
    • Timeline & Next Steps: What is your plan for completing the next milestone, due in two weeks?
    • Feedback Request: What specific feedback would you like on this milestone? What questions do you have about moving forward with your project?
  2. Research Summary (3-5 paragraphs):

    • 3-5 key findings from across your observation, background research, and interview data.
      • Back up each finding with specific interview quotes and/or narrative from your observations.
      • Integrate photos or digital versions of the three diagrams/maps/representations you made to analyze your data and/or communicate your findings. Caption them appropriately.
  3. Problem Statement (1-2 paragraphs)

    • This should be 1-2 paragraphs long, and meet the criteria discussed in weeks 4 & 6.
  4. Reflection (3-5 paragraphs): As a team, reflect on your experience conducting and analyzing user research. This reflection should include answers to questions such as:

    • Research
      • If observations: What did you do differently in this round of observations (compared to your week one sketching assignment)? Do you feel your observation skills have improved? Why did you choose to do observations instead of background research? What kinds of things might you have learned from background research that you may have missed out on by choosing to conduct your own observations?
      • If background research: Why did you choose to do this instead of observations? What did you learn from this that you could not have learned from your own observations? What kinds of things might you have learned from observations that you may have missed out on by choosing to reveiw prior work?
      • How and why were each of your interviews different?
      • What kinds of things did you learn from your different forms of research (interviews, observations, and/or background research)?
    • Analysis
      • What diagrams have you included?
      • Why did you chose each diagram?
      • Who participated in each diagramming activity?
      • Were these activities useful? Why or why not?
    • What was the easiest part of this milestone? Why?
    • What was the most challenging part of completing this milestone? Why?
    • Do you feel that you were successful in conducting research about your topic area? Why or why not? What would have made you more successful?
    • What would you do differently next time?
    • For full credit, this reflection must include references to course readings on relevant topics such as interviewing, observing, and research ethics.
  5. Appendix: containing well-organized documentation of all research activities:

    • Observation Summaries If you conducted observations, for each of 2 observation periods:
      • Day, time, location
      • How and why did you choose this location/day/time?
      • Copies of all fieldnotes
    • Background Research Summaries If you chose to do background research
      • Full citation for at least 2 academic research publications
      • 1-2 paragraph summary of key points of each article.
      • High-level summary of any additional market research with citations.
    • Interview Summaries: For each interview note:
      • The date, time, and setting of the interview
      • The length of the interview
      • A general background / brief bio of the interviewee.
        • Is the interviewee in this class?
        • What is your relationship to this person (e.g., friend, family, roommate, classmate, stranger?)
        • If a student, what is their major?
        • Why did you choose to interview this person? What about them makes them a good candidate for an interview about your project?
        • Do NOT include any personally identifiable information (e.g. no names).
      • In lieu of a full transcript, please provide a 1-2 paragraph summary of the contents of the interview.
      • Link to an audio file of the interview.
      • A photo or scan of the interview guide you used.
        • The TA must be able to tell from this photo/scan that you took notes as you went through the interview.
        • The TA should also be able to tell from this document that you revised your questions at least once.

D1: Grading

  • +2 points: Mechanics Evidence of completing the basic requirements
    • Compiled into a single document, with required cover page.
    • 4 15-minute interviews.
    • 2 20-minute observations // or background research including at least 2 academic articles
    • 3 diagrams.
  • +2 points: Research presentation
    • Clear identification of 3-5 key findings.
    • Findings are backed up with concrete evidence (e.g., quotes, anecdotes, citations) from your research.
    • Diagrams are well-integrated in the findings narrative.
    • Diagrams are sufficiently detailed and help to communicate some aspect of your research process and/or findings.
  • +3 points: Problem Statement - Problem statement is complete, and meets criteria discussed in Week 4:
    • Grounded in data, clearly connected to research summary
    • Framed in a way that invites creative solutions
    • Specific about where/when/why/how a problem is occurring
    • Includes criteria for judging the validity of a proposed response/solution
    • Specifies whether you are embarking on a traditional user-centered design project or a critical design project.
    • Does not propose a solution
  • +1.5 points: Reflection
    • Meets length requirement (at least 3 paragraphs)
    • Thoughtful reflection shows clear evidence of engagement with course readings and/or other materials.
    • Reflection documents your own learning and progress in the course, including honest reflection on challenges & shortcomings.
  • +1.5 points: Quality
    1. Taken as a whole, your report leverages your research data and tells a compelling story about your problem statement.
    2. Taken as a whole, your report shows evidence of good design, presentation, and communication skills. For example, the writing appear to have been proof-read. The diagrams look professional and show evidence of creativity. The visual layout is professional in appearance. crop and rotate images appropriately? Did you caption images and diagrams? Did you integrate images and text together in compelling ways? If I received this brief as a client, would I feel confident that I should continue to pay you money to do design work for me?
    3. Wow-factor: Goes above and beyond in some way. Exemplary work.

D2: Design Proposal

This milestone is still under revision, and directions are subject to change.

Brainstorm changes / new designs.

Storyboard one radical, one incremental, one in between.

Pick one you want to move forward with.

D2: Logistics

Assigned and Discussed in Class: Week 7, Meeting 1

Due: End of Week 8 / Sun, March 1, 11:59p

Turn In Directions: You should upload a single, well-organized .docx or .pdf file to Canvas, containing all required components. Just one file per group

D2: Directions

Part 1: Brainstorming

We will have a brainstorming session in class in Week 6 to get you started on this milestone.

You should aim to complete all of your brainstorming work before the first class meeting in Week 7.

  1. Identify Key User Needs: You may already have these from your problem statement, but if not, spend 10 minutes brainstorming the key criteria for a solution. What are the important requirements that any design must meet in order to successfully respond to your problem? What is it that your users need/desire to be different? You might think of this in terms of the ‘how might we’ questions from last time. From the mixtape:

    What do you (and your team) know about this challenge that no one else has considered? Not in terms of your long-held expertise, but instead unique user-centered insights. What’s your specific vision (not solution) about how you want change people’s lives? Another way to think about this is: what assumption are you going to disrupt on your way to a successful solution?

    • Once you have a good sized list, work with your team to narrow it down to 3-5 critical needs/requirements. You will need to use these later to compare your various design alternatives.
  2. Brainstorming session 1: Solutions I

    • Start in class, dedicate at least 20 minutes to this, with your entire team.
    • Thinking about your identified problem area, and using your how-might-we questions as prompts, identify at least 25 potential design solutions or innovations with your team mates. These can be far-fetched ideas – in fact, wild ideas are encouraged at this stage of the process!
  3. Brainstorming session 2: Solutions II

    • Outside of class, with at least 2 people not on your team and at least 1 team mate present
    • Facilitate a brainstorming session with people who are not your group members. Identify at least 10 additional design solutions – or iterations on how you might implement one of your chosen solutions.

After the two brainstorming sessions: Decide on 3 solutions that you will storyboard next week and consider in more depth. These should be sufficiently different from one another.

Part 2: Storyboarding

We will discuss storyboards in class on the first meeting of Week 7. I recommend waiting until then to start this portion of the milestone.

I am personally a big fan of simple paper sketches. However, you may prefer to use some online tool like, StoryboardThat

For each of your three proposed design solutions, you should create two storyboards of 3-5 frames each. Each storyboard should depict a key use case for that design solution. Your storyboards must meet the requirements discussed in class in Week 7!

After creating the six storyboards (2 per design alternative x 3 design alternatives), you should decide, as a group, which one you are going to move forward with. In making this decision, you should consider how well each solution is likely to solve the problem you identified in D2, and how well it responds to the user needs/requirements you selected at the start of your brainstorming sessions.

D2: Document Specification

Turn in a single, well-organized file, with all of the following sections:

  1. Cover Page:

    • Project Title
    • All team member names & PSU Emails
    • Contribution Summary: What has each person done to contribute to this first major team milestone?
    • Feedback Request: What specific feedback would you like on this project? What questions do you have about moving forward with your project?
  2. User Needs Summary: List your 3-5 most important how-might-we questions and/or your set of 3-5 key user needs. Describe how each question or specified user need relates to your prior research and your design problem (1-2 sentences each). Why are these questions or user needs the most important things to keep in mind as you transition into storyboarding and prototyping?

  3. Brainstorming Documentation: A photo of your two brainstorming sessions. With each photo, include a note stating who facilitated the session and who participated in coming up with ideas.

  4. Design Alternatives: If you have revised your problem since D2, please re-state your revised problem at the start of the design alternatives section, before presenting any of your alternatives.

    • For each of your three design alternatives:
      • Give a brief description or overview of the solution (2-3 sentences).
      • Include an image of your 2 storyboards for this solution. You should include a short textual description of the use case beneath each storyboard (1-3 sentences).
        • One of your storyboards may be created to depict the situation without your new technology, and the second storyboard to depict the situation after your designed intervention. If you choose this route, make sure it is clear to the reader what's going on!
      • Explain how well this solution addresses the problem you identified in D3 (1-3 sentences).
      • Explain how this solution does or does not satisfy your 3-5 key user needs (2-5 sentences).
  5. Design Choice: Write a 1-3 paragraph explanation about which design solution you will move forward with (or how you will combine your different solutions together). This paragraph should clearly explain:

    • what the design solution is
    • how it addresses your design problem
    • and why you chose this particular solution over the others. Reference your user research, problem statement, and key user needs.
  6. Reflection: A one to three paragraph reflection on this milestone. You must, at minimum, respond to these questions:

    • How did the the brainstorming session with your team differ from the one with outsiders?
      • Which session produced the ideas that you chose for your project?
      • Which method was more valuable, or did they each produce different results?
      • What would you do differently the next time you need to brainstorm design ideas?
    • How did you decide what three design ideas to storyboard?
    • What did you learn about your project from creating the storyboards? Do you have different ideas now about your users? Did you use your personas to think about how to create the storyboards?
    • How did you decide which one solution to move forward with after your storyboarding? Was it challenging to choose which design alternative you wanted to move forward with?
    • What did you learn from this milestone? What would you do differently in the future?

D2: Grading

  • 0/10: Not turned in or contains plagiarized content.
  • 5/10: Turned in something that is partially complete.
  • +.5 point: Cover page & Document Organization - Cover page includes all listed elements, and document is well-organized.
  • +.5 point: User Needs Summary - User needs summary is complete, and includes a thoughtful explanation of why these user needs/requirements are especially important
  • +.5 point: Brainstorming - Report includes documentation of 2 brainstorming sessions, including information about participants.
  • +1.5 points: Design Alternatives - For EACH of your three design alternatives, you include:
    • a description of the solution
    • two storyboards showing this solution in context
    • an evaluation of how well this solution addresses the problem
    • an evaluation of how well this solution meets user needs
  • +.5 point: Design Choice - After presenting all three possible alternatives, you make a compelling case for why you chose the solution you will move forward with.
  • +1.5 point: Reflection + Overall Quality - The reflection is comprehensive and, at minimum, responds to all questions listed above. For full credit, your report should show evidence throughout of your engagement with course readings/materials, and of your learning even if all elements are not perfectly executed.
    • Because much of design work is about communication, half of this grade is devoted to overall presentation quality. For example, do your storyboards look neat and professional? Are they doing a good job of communicating your solution-in-context? Have you proof-read your text sections? Are they easy to read and understand? Do you use things like headers and page breaks to separate content?

D3: Design Case Study

This milestone is still under revision, and directions are subject to change.

Create a Prototype

Try Some Simple Evaluation Techniques / Reflect on the quality of your design

Propose Revisions/Iterations

As part of this milestone, you will create a paper or other low-fidelity prototype of your chosen design solution, conduct some simple preliminary evaluations, and write a retrospective case study that reviews your project to date, explains the rationale behind design decisions, and looks ahead to what you might do next if you had more time.

D3: Logistics

Assigned & Discussed in Class: Week 9, Meeting 1.

Due: Sun, Mar 15, 11:59p

Turn In Directions: You should upload a single, well-organized .docx or .pdf to Canvas, containing all required components.

  • Please reduce image sizes when you generate your final file.

Grading: This project is worth up to 10 points. All team members will receive the same grade unless there is a major work discrepancy, in which case I may lower the grades of those who do not contribute to the assignment.

D3: Prototyping Tools

I recommend paper. Here is an example of using paper prototyping for website development. Here is the video we watched in class: .

For mobile apps, you might consider using a tool like POP App to make your paper prototypes come alive!

You can do something similar with presentation software like PowerPoint, also see this article on PowerPoint.

You may also use specialized tools like InVision or Sketch. Some people like to use diagramming tools like Visio or OmniGraffle. It will take you longer. You have been warned.

D3: Directions

Note: this section will change

  1. Create a prototype! See prototyping tools section above.
    • Your prototype must be detailed enough to allow you to examine at least one of the use cases described in your storyboards turned in for the last milestone. If you have a concern about this, please meet with me about an appropriate scope for your prototype.
  2. Evaluate your prototype …
    • Choose and conduct 2 evaluations from this list:
      • TODO: create new forms for each.
      • Heuristics Evaluation: Choose one of the heuristics lists discussed in class and evaluate your design based on that list. How well does your design uphold each principle?
      • Human Factors Check: Use the human factors checklist you developed in class at the end of Week 8 to evaluate your prototype. How well does your design meet each item in the checklist?
      • Cognitive Walkthrough: Follow the method described in either Wharton et al 1994 OR Spencer et al 2000 to conduct a cognitive walkthrough.
    • And conduct at least two Think-Aloud evaluations with a prospective user of your design:
      • Review the relevant sections in this chapter from Bill Buxton's sketching book for a detailed explanation. You will give them a task or two to do and then you will observe how they carry it out.
  3. Write a brief retrospective case study
    • TODO: case study directions

D3: Document Specification

Turn in A SINGLE well-organized file containing:

  1. Prototype Description with Pictures/Images/Scans: Description should include:
    • what features or use cases your prototype allows you to test
    • what prototyping methods/tools you chose
    • why you made both of those decisions
  2. Evaluation Summary & Next Steps:
    • What evaluations did you conduct?
    • What were the key problems that you identified?
    • If you had more time to work on this project:
      • What would you change in response do feedback?
      • What would you not change about your design?
      • Would you want to conduct more evaluations before iterating the design or are you ready to make a revision first?
  3. Reflection (3-6 paragraphs)
    • What went well in this milestone?
    • What challenges did you run into on this milestone?
    • How did the various evaluation methods compare to eachother in terms of what you learned from them / what kind of problems they surfaced?
    • Which evaluation was the most useful for you (or were they all equally helpful)? Why?
    • What would you do differently next time regarding both prototyping and evaluation?
    • Did you learn anything from this exercise? If so, what? If not, why not?
  4. Appendix: One evaluation report for each of your four evaluations (2x self-reflective evaluation + 2x think aloud):
    • TODO: New Templates

D3: Grading

  • 1 – Format and Presentation: correct format and quality of presentation style
  • 1 – Prototype: images fully document the prototype; description answers all questions, throughly and clearly communicating the proposed solution, and what aspects of that solution can be tested with the prototype; compelling explanation of why prototyping decisions were made.
  • 2 – Evaluation Summary: clear and complete summary of evaluation results; quality of presentation and degree to which the report is compelling in motivating the proposed next steps.
  • 2 – Reflection: completeness, includes references to course materials, is thoughtful and shows clear effort and evidence of learning
  • 2 – Appendix (.5 per evaluation): complete and correct use of templates to report evaluation results.

D3P: Final Presentation

This milestone is still under revision, and directions are subject to change.

During the Finals time slot, each team will give a short (5-10 minute) presentation on their design project.

This assignment is worth 5 points.

D3P: Logistics

Assigned & Discussed in Class: Week 9


  • MW Section: Presentations will be on Wednesday, March 18. Slides due by 10:15am.
  • TR Section: Presentations will be on Monday, March 16. Slides due by 8:15am.

Turn In Directions: Upload a .ppt, .pptx, or .pdf file with your presentation in it to Canvas.

Your slides MUST be in PDF or PowerPoint format. No, you absolutely may NOT present from Google Slides or Prezi or any other online service.

Everyone will present off of the computer in the room. It does not support dual displays.

D3P: Specification / Requirements

You should prepare your presentation as a human-centered design case study.

Do not feel compelled to focus on every single thing you did, instead tell us a story about your process, how you arrived at your final result, and what decisions you made along the way.

You should review Designing Case Studies: Showcasing a Human-Centered Design Process for guidance.

All team members should participate in the presentation.

D3P: Grading